HealthScreen - $45.00
The HealthScreen provides you with an overall General Organ Function Health
overview that includes:
- LDL a Direct Measurement of Bad Cholesterol
- Liver, Kidney, Muscle and Bone Function
- TSH for Thyroid
- Glucose – 12 hours fasting glucose test
- Uric Acid for Gout
- Iron, Iron Binding Capacity, Transferrin Saturation, Automatic Ferritin
ALAMININE AMINOTRANSFERENCE , ALT (SGPT) The ALT enzyme* is found mainly
in the liver. Damage from alcohol, strenuous exercise and a number of
diseases can cause high values for both AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) and
should be evaluated by your health care provider. Low values are not generally
ALB/GLOBULIN RATIO A simple way to tell if the albumin or globulin levels
in the blood are abnormal is to compare the level of albumin to the level
of globulin in your blood. If both the albumin and globulin results fall
within the specified reference range, then a high or low A/G Ratio result
is not generally considered significant.
ALBUMIN is the most plentiful protein in the blood. Approximately two-thirds
of the total protein circulating in your blood is albumin. It is produced
primarily in the liver and helps keep the fluid portion of the blood within
the blood vessels. When your albumin level is too low, water can leak
into other parts of your body and cause swelling. This can be caused by
malnutrition, too much water in the body, liver or kidney disease, severe
injury or major bone fractures and slow bleeding over a long period of time.
ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE is an enzyme that is found in many body tissues,
but the most important sites are bone, liver, bile ducts and gut. A high
level of alkaline phosphatase in your blood may indicate bone, liver,
or bile duct disease. Certain drugs may also cause increased levels. Growing
children, because of bone growth, normally have higher levels than adults.
Low values are not generally considered significant.
ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERENCE, AST (SGOT) The AST enzyme* is found mainly
in the heart, liver and muscles. It is released into the blood stream
when any of these organs are damaged. Increased levels are usually associated
with liver disease or heart attacks.
BILIRUBIN, DIRECT is a specific form of bilirubin that is formed in the
liver and excreted in the bile. Normally very little of this form of bilirubin
is found in the blood. However, in liver disease, this form of bilirubin
leaks into the blood so a high level of direct bilirubin may indicate
a problem with the liver cells.
BILIRUBIN, TOTAL is the pigment in the blood that makes the plasma or
serum part of your blood yellow. When the bilirubin level in the blood
is very high for a period of time, the whites of your eyes and your skin
may become yellow- this is known as jaundice. Bilirubin comes from the
breakdown of old red cells in the blood. A high bilirubin level in the
blood can be caused by too many red blood cells being destroyed (hemolyzed),
by liver disease, or by a blockage of bile ducts.
BUN (blood urea nitrogen) is a waste product from protein breakdown in
the liver. It is excreted by the kidneys. If kidney function is impaired,
or if a person is dehydrated, the BUN level will increase. Internal blood
loss, high protein diets, and/or strenuous exercise can also cause a high
BUN level. A low BUN level may be the result of liver disease, poor diet,
pregnancy, or drinking too much water.
BUN/CREATININE RATIO By comparing the BUN level in the blood to the creatinine
level, your health care provider can determine if the high BUN level is
caused by kidney disease, dehydration or gastrointestinal bleeding.
CALCIUM is one of the most important elements in the body, essential for
maintenance and repair of bone and teeth, heart function and blood clotting.
Ninety-nine percent of the calcium in your body is contained in your bones
– only one percent is in the blood. Low levels of calcium in the
blood are associated with malnutrition. High levels can be caused by bone
disease, excessive use of antacids and milk, cancer, overdosing on Vitamin
D and some hormone disorders. Any elevated calcium level should be evaluated
by your health care provider.
CHLORIDE is also one of the body’s minerals. Involved with water
balance, most body chloride comes from salt in the diet. A high chloride
level may mean severe dehydration, certain kidney disorders or hyperventilation.
A low chloride level may result from excessive vomiting, diarrhea, severe
burns, excessive sweating or kidney failure. Borderline low or high levels
of chloride have very little significance.
CHOLESTEROL is an essential blood fat found in nearly every body tissue.
Elevated levels have been shown to be associated with a higher risk of
heart disease and clogged blood vessels. If elevated, the result should
be discussed with your health care provider.
CHOLESTEROL/HDL RATIO is obtained by comparing the total cholesterol level
to the HDL cholesterol level.
CREATININE The main job of the kidney is to filter the blood, excreting
waste products into the urine while preserving essential elements. One
way to measure kidney function is to determine how well the kidney can
filter and excrete creatinine, an easily measured waste product of muscle
metabolism. In certain types of kidney disease, the ability of the kidneys
to clear the blood of creatinine decreases and blood levels of creatinine
increase. High values require medical evaluation by your health care provider,
especially when associated with high BUN results.
ESTIMATED GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE (eGFR) TEST is the best overall measure
of how your kidneys are functioning. It is a calculation incorporating
risk factors such as age, gender and ethnicity, and can screen for early
kidney disease or associated cardiovascular disease. For a significant
percentage of participants with mildly abnormal eGFR results, no underlying
disease is present. Minimally abnormal eGFR should be repeated in 4-6 weeks.
FERRITIN is measured if the transferrin percent saturation is low or high.
Ferritin is the chief storage form of iron in the body. The level is low
in iron deficiency and is high in iron excess, inflammation, and liver disease.
GAMMA-GLUTAMYLTRANSFERASE (GGT) is an enzyme* that is primarily found
in the liver. Drinking too much alcohol, certain drugs, liver disease,
stress, physical exertion, some common medications and bile duct disease
can cause high levels of GGT in the blood. High values should be evaluated
by your health care provider.
GLOBULINS are proteins that can be formed in the liver or the immune system.
Globulin has many functions, transporting a variety of things such as
fats and hormones and acting as infection fighters to help the body defend
itself. If your globulin level is abnormal your health care provider may
want to measure some of the individual proteins that make up this group.
GLUCOSE is the primary energy source for all body tissues. The sugars
and carbohydrates you eat are ordinarily converted into glucose, which
can be used to either produce immediate energy or be stored in the liver
or as fat throughout the body. High blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia)
after fasting for 12 hours might indicate you have diabetes. Your doctor
may want to do further testing. A low glucose level (hypoglycemia) accompanied
with symptoms such as weakness, nausea, sweating and difficulty thinking
clearly, is suggestive of hypoglycemia. Even if you know you have diabetes,
it is important to report any abnormal levels to your health care provider.
HDL CHOLESTEROL High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is one of several
types of fats. It is referred to as
“good cholesterol” because it acts as a scavenger, removing
excess cholesterol from artery walls. It has been shown that the HIGHER
the level of HDL cholesterol the LOWER the risk of developing heart disease.
IRON The body must have iron to make hemoglobin and to help transfer oxygen
to the cells. If the body is low in iron, all body cells, particularly
muscles in adults and brain cells in children, do not function up to par.
On the other hand too much iron in the body can cause injury to the heart,
pancreas, joints, testicles, ovaries, etc. Iron excess is found in the
hereditary disease called hemochromatosis which occurs in about 3 out
of every 1000 people. Any value outside the specified reference range
should be evaluated by your health care provider.
IRON BINDING CAPACITY (IBC) Iron is transported in your blood bound to
a protein called transferrin. Transferrin
transports the iron in your body from the iron storage sites to where
it is needed. It also transports the iron, when not needed, back to the
storage sites. A low IBC suggests malnutrition or iron excess. A high
IBC suggests iron deficiency.
LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE (LDH or LD) is an enzyme* found in all tissues in
the body. Thus, a high level in the blood can result from a number of
different diseases. Also, slightly elevated levels in the blood are common
and usually do not indicate disease. The most common sources of LD are
the heart, liver, muscles, and red blood cells. Any damage to cells will
raise the LD level in the blood.** (See Hemolysis comment.)
LDL CHOLESTEROL Low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is a part of
the “total cholesterol.” This is the cholesterol that forms
deposits on artery walls. The LOWER the amount of LDL cholesterol, the
LOWER the risk of developing heart disease.
MAGNESIUM helps regulate energy production in the cell. It is one of the
most abundant metals in the body.
A low magnesium level in the blood may indicate alcoholism, severe malnutrition,
vomiting or diarrhea. High values indicate kidney disease. As with all
other abnormal results, any value outside the reference range should be
reported to your health care provider.
PERCENT SATURATION is obtained by comparing the iron level to the IBC
level. It is a simple way to compare the amount of iron in the blood to
the capacity of the blood to transport iron.
PHOSPHATE is closely related to calcium in bone development, with most
phosphate in the body found in bones. Very low levels of phosphate can
be associated with starvation or malnutrition, leading to muscle weakness.
High levels of phosphate are associated with kidney disease. Values outside
the Specified Reference Range should be reported to your health care provider.
POTASSIUM is also one of the body’s principal minerals, found primarily
inside cells. It helps maintain water balance as well as proper function
of nerves and muscles. Low or high levels in the blood are of critical
significance and should be evaluated by your health care provider. This
is especially important if you are taking a diuretic or heart medication.
A high level may indicate kidney or liver disease, too much medication
or bodily injury, such as a burn. A low level of potassium can develop
rapidly, most frequently produced as a side effect of drugs that cause
increased urination. **
PROTEIN, TOTAL is a measure of the total amount of protein in your blood.
A low or high total protein does not indicate a specific disease, but
it does mean that some additional tests may be required to determine if
there is a problem.
SODIUM is one of the body’s principal minerals, regulated by the
kidneys. It plays an important role in water balance in your body. A high
level can be caused by dehydration, excessive salt intake in your diet
or certain diseases. A low level of sodium may be caused by diarrhea,
vomiting, or excessive sweating. Numerous drugs, including diuretics,
certain blood pressure medications and steroids, may alter the sodium
level. Any abnormal value should be evaluated by your health care provider.
TRIGLYCERIDES are a fatty substance in the body which acts as a major
form of stored energy. This is a blood fat that may be related to a higher
risk of heart disease. Elevated levels may be caused by food and alcohol.
It is recommended that you not eat for at least 12 hours to obtain an
accurate result for this test. Low values are not generally considered
TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) TSH is the pituitary hormone that controls
thyroid gland function. It stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroid hormone.
When the thyroid gland fails, due to primary disease of the thyroid, pituitary
TSH increases. This condition is called primary hypothyroidism. In contrast,
when the thyroid gland is overactive and producing too much thyroid hormone,
the serum TSH decreases. This is called primary hyperthyroidism. Both
primary hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can be detected by the sensitive
TSH method. In addition, the TSH test can tell if your dose of thyroid
hormone is correct, should you be taking that medication. Thus, the most
accurate way for the Health Fair to assess abnormalities of thyroid gland
function is by a measurement of TSH, technology with superior performance
and decreased cost allows us to offer this test.
UREA NITROGEN - SEE BUN URIC ACID is a byproduct from the breakdown of
the body’s own cells and certain proteins. A high level of uric
acid in your blood may cause gout, arthritis or kidney stones. Kidney
disease, stress, alcohol and certain diuretics may also raise the level.
High levels should be evaluated by your health care provider, whereas
low values are not generally considered significant.